Know About Essential Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Just 5 Minutes

Introduction to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a first-aid technique to help people who are suffering a “cardiac arrest”(their heart stops beating).

It involves doing chest compressions, rescue breaths & using a defibrillator to keep the casualty alive until an ambulance arrives.

CPR on its own is unlikely to restart someone’s heart, however, it will increase the chance of a defibrillator being successful.

It is usually given when a person suffers from heart attack flow of the oxygenated blood to the brain &  to the body is restricted.

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation includes mouth to mouth & chest compressions. A combination of the blood fl & 2 helps revive the oxygen & the blood flow.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

CPR is a life-saving technique it is useful in many emergencies, including heart attack or near drowning, in which someone’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped. The American heart association recommends that everyone-untrained bystanders.

It is a life-saving technique useful in various emergency situations such a cardiac arrest, heart attack or near-drowning.

This technique often includes a combination of chest compression & artificial ventilation. It helps to preserve intact brain function & restore the blood circulation & breathing to the breathing pr abnormal breathing.

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There is some important CPR technique, have a look:

High-frequency compressions CPR:

High-frequency chest compressions are an important CPR technique, that helps to improve resuscitation from cardiac arrest.

Open chest CPR:

Open chest CPR is a vital technique in which the heart is accessed through a thoracotomy. Compression is performed using the thumb & fingers or with the palm & extended fingers against the sternum bones. This technique helps to generate forward blood flow & coronary arteries pressure.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Interposed Abdominal Compression CPR:

Interposed abdominal compression part or (IAC)  CPR is basically 3 rescuer technique an abdominal compression, chest compression  & the other rescuer providing ventilations.

This technique includes conventional chest compressions combined with alternating abdominal compression. The IAC CPR helps to increase diastolic aortic pressure & venous return leading to improved coronary pressure & blood flow to the other vital organs.

There are the CPR steps everyone should know:

if a person is not breathing, his heartbeat will be stopped. Do CPR {chest compression & rescue breaths}to help circulation & get oxygen into our body.

First open a person’s airway to check if they are breathing, then get help. If you are not alone send someone to call for help as soon as you have checked to breathe & ask the person to come back & confirm that-the call has been made.

Follow these CPR steps:

Position your hand(above):

Make sure that the patient is lying on his back on a firm surface. Kneel beside him & place the heel of your hand on the center of the chest.

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Give the chest compressions(above):

Your shoulders are directly over the patient’s chest & press down on the chest about  2 ”.  Release the pressure but do not your hands & let the chest come back-up. Repeat to give 30 compressions at a rate of 100 compressions/minute.

How to perform CPR:

CPR can be performed by trained personnel. It involves external chest compression  & rescue breathing to help circulation & get oxygen into the body.CPR comprises the following three steps…………..

  1. Hands-only CPR for adults
  2. Chest compression
  • Mouth to mouth resuscitation

    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

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Hands-only CPR for adults:

This CPR procedure is followed for adults & children who have attained puberty. Drug overdose or an unwitnessed cardiac attack.

In such cases, chest compressions & mouth to mouth resuscitation should be performed in combination by trained persons only.

Your 1st step will have to be to check the responsiveness of the person –

  • You have to just shake the person & tap their shoulder & shout “ARE YOU OK”?
  • In case there is no normal breathing, call the emergency helpline…

Chest compressions:

It is to be done by certified & trained personnel only.

The next step will be doing chest compression –

  • You will need to place the heel of your hand on the center of the person’s chest.
  • Next, you will have to interlock your fingers by your other hand.
  • Your arm should be straight & your shoulders should be directly above your hands.
  • Press down smooth & consistently, compressing to the chest.
  • There should be around 100 compressions per minute.

A mouth too, lift mouth resuscitation:

If you are trained in CPR, you will have to give 30 compressions  &  two rescue breaths(mouth to mouth).

  • Till the head back, lift the chin & open the airway.
  • Use your finger & thumb to close their nostrils.
  • Blow into their mouth by placing your mouth over there.
  • It is necessary to ensure that – there is no air leak & there is rising & falling of the chest…

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