Tips and Tricks of Error Handling in VBScript or in UFT

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Option Explicit also refers to a variable that has not been declared. So if we get a runtime error for option explicit statement that “variable is undefined”.We need to check the declaration of the variables.

Example of Error due to Option Explicit

Option Explicit
Dim index
For index=0 to 10
If(index=5) Then
myVar="Hello"
Msgbox myVar
Else
msgbox index
End If
Next
 

This code will work fine till Index=4. As soon as the index becomes 5, the VBScript engine will throw an error stating myVar variable is undefined. Now if we examine our code carefully, we can see the variable myVar has never been declared.

When running a script,Option Explicit is neutralized and error is not caught but if a general error handler module is available, it will help us to defect the error and where the error has occurred.

How to avoid the Runtime Error

Since Runtime is critical than Syntax error, we need to understand how to avoid a Runtime error. Below are the guideline to avoid the runtime error.

  • We need to be well versed with VBScript syntax, rules.
  • We need to carefully read the documentation for functions or sub before working with them.
  • If we get some different, not so well stated error messages or errors like Unspecified errors or Operations aborted or Error occurred etc. we need to surrender to Google. Daddy google has all kind of answer for any sort of problem.
  • The last option is to use a trial and error method. Once we get the different type of solutions from Google we need to apply these techniques in our script.
  • We need to use comments while we fix those errors so that we can later understand the purpose of the code we just inserted to our script.
Common Runtime Errors with Error Code and Description

 

Hexadecimal Error Code Decimal Error Code Comments
800A0005 5 “Invalid procedure call / Invalid argument” error.
800A0006 6 “Stack overflow” error.
800A0007 7 “Out of memory” error.
800A0009 9 “SubScript out of Range” error.
800A000A 10 Array related error -“already locked or fixed” error.
800A000B 11 “Division by zero” error.
800A000D 13 “Type mismatch” error
800A000E 14 “String out of space” error.
800A0011 17 “Can’t perform requested operation” error.
800A001C 28 “Stack out of space” error.
800A01A8 424 “Object required” error
800A01AD 429 “ActiveX component can’t create object” error.
800A01AE 430 “Class doesn’t support Automation” error.
800A01B0 432 “Filename or class name not found during
Automation operation” error.
800A0023 35 “Function or sub not defined” error.
800A0030 48 “Error in loading DLL” error
800A0033 51 “Internal” error
800A01B6 438 “Object doesn’t support this property or method” error.
800A01BD 445 “Object doesn’t support this action” error.
800A01BF 447 “Object doesn’t support current locale setting” error.
800A01C0 448 “Named argument not found” error.
800A01C1 449 “Argument not optional” error.
800A01C2 450 “Wrong number of arguments or invalid property assignment” error
800A01C3 451 “Object not a collection” error.
800A01CA 458 “Variable uses an Automation type not supported in VBScript” error.
800A01CE 462 “Remote server machine does not exist or is unavailable” error.
800A01E1 481 “Invalid picture” error.
800A01F4 500 “Variable is undefined” error.
800A01F6 502 “Object not safe for scripting” error.
800A005B 91 “Object variable not set” error.
800A005E 94 “Invalid use of Null” error
800A005C 92 “For loop not initialized” error
800A01F7 503 “Object not safe for initializing” error.
800A01F8 504 “Object not safe for creating” error.
800A01F9 505 “Invalid or unqualified reference” error.
800A01FA 506 “Class not defined error”.
800A01FB 507 “An exception occurred error.
800A1390 5008 “Illegal assignment” error.
800A1399 5017 “Syntax error in regular expression”
800A139A 5018 “Unexpected quantifier” error
800A139B 5019 Expected ‘]’ in regular expression error.
800A139C 5020 “Expected  ‘)’ in regular expression” error.
800A139D 5021 “Invalid range in character set” error.
800A0034 52 “Bad file name number” error.
800A0035 53 “File not found” error.
800A0036 54 “Bad file mode” error.
800A0037 55 “File already open” error.
800A0039 57 “Device I/O error” error.
800A003A 58 “File already exists” error.
800A003D 61 “Disk full” error.
800A003E 62 “Input past end of file” error.
800A0043 67 “Too many files” error.
800A0044 68 “Device unavailable” error.
800A0046 70 “Permission denied” error.
800A0047 71 “Disk not ready” error.
800A004A 74 “Can’t rename with different drive” error.
800A004B 75 “Path/File access error” error.
800A004C 76 “Path not found” error.
800A0142 322 “Can not create necessary temporary file” error.
800A01B8 440 “Automation” error.
800A01BE 446 “Object does not support named arguments” error.
800A01C5 453 “Specified DLL function not found” error.
800A01C7 455 “Code resource lock error” error.
800A01C9 457 “This key is already associated with an element of this collection” error.
800A01F5 501 “Illegal assignment” error.
800A1398 5016 “Regular expression object required” error.
800A802B 32811 “Element not found” error.

Logic Errors

Logic errors are very tough to determine especially if a person debugs who never wrote the script. Logic errors are hidden inside our code and generally do not have a User Interface to show up. The only area we understand logic error when the piece of the code generates a wrong output. The output is different from what is desired.Otherwise we can say that logic errors are bugs of the application.

How to avoid logic errors?

  • We need to read the design specification, requirement documentation to understand the functionality and then inspect the code if that is doing what it is suppose to do.
  • We need to follow “Divide and Develop” principal and implement stub and drivers in order to design our script sequentially correct.
  • Check the code logic while using operators. or sendkeys.
  • Use Custom runtime in different places.
  • Testing is important to detect the logic errors.

How to handle VBScript Errors in UFT or VBScript Editor?

VBScript does not support try-catch block to handle the error or exceptions, instead, it supports to provide a Global error handling mechanism. However once the error occurs, VBScript engines invokes it’s internal error handling mechanism.

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