5 Basic Types of Coffee: All You Need to Know About

Introduction to Types of Coffee

Coffee, the life savior of many tired moments. Coffee is in our lives for many centuries now. The medium roast coffee beans attract with their fragrance and taste.

It is one of the oldest drinks in human history. In recent decades, interest in coffee has also increased. But, how many of us know what type of coffee we are drinking and how these coffee beans are different from others? So, here are different types of coffee beans.

  1. Arabica:- Arabica is the most common and heavily marketed type of coffee. It is the most common type of coffee in North America. This is because it is sweeter in taste, more refined flavor, and the coffee itself tends to be less acidic. Arabica beans are planted in areas with great altitudes above sea level—especially those where rain is abundant. In fact, Brazil, known for its dense rainforest. It is the world’s biggest exporter of these beans. The plants themselves are reasonably delicate. It requires a fair amount of pruning and regular attention to environmental circumstances. The Coffee arabica species is especially prone to disease. So growing in great masses is a bit daunting. It leads to the cost of the bean considerably in the global market. But many coffee drinkers around the globe are delighted to pay the variety because of the softer, sweeter taste. One point to consider about the famous but sensitive bean is that its taste has a status of being reduced when it is served cold or mixed with milk or creamer. In that case, it’s reasonable to say the quality probably won’t be visible when you are attaching some additional flavor to the drink.
  2. Robusta:- When it comes to world production, Robusta coffee beans are on the second list. Robusta coffee beans are very popular in Africa, Europe, and the middle east. However, these names cannot do justice, as this coffee is known for its harsh and robust flavor profile. Robusta coffees are incredibly high in levels of caffeine. It makes the plant far more resilient than the Arabica species. This is because caffeine acts as a natural insect repellent, reducing a significant threat to the tree. The coffee canephora species is also individually tolerant of its environment. So it can be developed in any number of elevations and environments. Robusta is not usually a very famous coffee commodity due to its name for tasting scorched or burnt. Except where robust coffee is a social standard. However, because it is easier to plant and harvest than Arabica beans, many farmers do manage to obtain higher profits when they can sell Robusta. So, where is it all going? Robusta might be used for premium lines like instant coffees and is sometimes used as a filler in dark roasts. There are some instances where delicious Robusta is finding its way into the grocery stores and home shelves. They are made from craft and small-batch roasters. The great Robusta coffee beans will have signs of chocolate and rum within their flavor profile. But in reality, they are not always readily available. In the end, if your chief concern in a cup of coffee is getting a daily dose of caffeine, you would probably do just as well going with a standard cup of Robusta and forming the flavor with cream and sugar.
  3. Geisha:- It is another popular type of coffee. This coffee is originated in Ethiopia. Geisha is supposed to create a very aromatic cup of coffee with ver floral notes. The demand for this coffee suddenly increased when this coffee caught the attention of coffee enthusiasts. In addition to that, it is one of the most expensive coffee in the world.
  4. Liberica:- Liberica coffee beans are a unique gift. They are grown in very particular climates, with production being far too limited for farmers to balance their operations to really serve a global marketplace. Even still, the beans are considered a refreshing sensation. Many people who have tried the coffee like the fragrance of fruit and flower. It describes the flavor as having a somewhat woody taste. There was a time when Liberica coffee was amazingly famous. At the end of the nineteenth century, plant disease is now known as “coffee rust,” had begun and dropped almost all of the Arabica plants across the whole planet. Because coffee was such a large commodity, farmers and government bodies both started to find proper replacements. The Philippines were the first to crop and market the Liberica plant. They were the sole supplier, and the country saw its economy improve amazingly. But as its economy developed, the nation proclaimed its freedom. As a result, the U.S. forced sheer economic sanctions and cut off supplies to the country. This eventually began the defeat of the Liberica coffee bean in the global marketplace. As no other countries were ever ready to step up and meet the production that the Philippines had once established.
  5. Excelsa:- Excelsa coffee beans are now classified as a member of the Liberica family. These two coffees could not be more diverse. It varies so much from Liberica that some members of the coffee community still consider it as a different species. It was renamed because it grows on large 20-30 ft trees. Liberica also grows at similar heights and has a similar almond-like shape. It mostly grows in Southeast Asia. It is widely used in combinations to give the coffee an additional boost of flavor and complexity. It better affects the middle and back appetite. Excelsa may possess a tart and fruity body. They are flavors evocative of a light roast. It also somehow has dark, roasted notes. This story attracts coffee enthusiasts from around the world to try and try out the varietal.
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Further visit: Know 7 Amazing Facts About Coffee

Drinking coffee is all about finding what you enjoy and sticking with it. Arabica and Robusta are the most prevalent and affordable options to choose from. But you can choose according to your convenience.

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